The Roman History of Amman

by Steve
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Temple of Hercules at the Citadel in Amman

Roman rule in Jordan lasted for four centuries.  Today there are many Roman ruins located across the country.  So on another cold, misty and dreary day, we set out to explore this Roman history along with other history of Amman.

Roman Amphitheater

This large restored amphitheater has a seating capacity of 6,000 people and is one of the icons of Roman history in Amman.  It is believed it was built in the first century AD.  The amphitheater also serves as an entertainment venue with productions put on here during the summer months.

Roman Amphitheater in Amman

Roman Amphitheater in Amman


The Odeon is a smaller theater near the larger Roman Theater.  It seats 500 people and was most likely built in the second century AD.  It was primarily used for musical performances.  Since it is a smaller venue, they believe it might have had a wooden roof over it to help shield the audience from the elements.  This venue is also used for performances during the summer months.

Odeon Theater in Amman

Odeon Theater in Amman

The Citadel

The Citadel sits on one of the seven hills that originally made up Amman.  It’s an area of importance because it has had a long history of many great civilizations living on this important vantage point.

Temple of Hercules

One of the highlights of the Citadel is the Temple of Hercules which is shown in the featured image of today’s post.  It was built during the reign of emperor Marcus Aurelius

Jordan Archaeological Museum

This small museum, which was built in 1951, displays artifacts which have been found in Jordan.  What is interesting about the museum is the chronological way it is presented taking visitors from Prehistoric times to the 15th century.  I have problems understanding and remembering the various “ages” such as Paleolithic, Neolithic, Early Bronze Age.  While I wouldn’t want to take a test on it right now, this museum does a nice job of explaining it

Most of us have seen fossils that date back millions of years, but I wanted to share one that is displayed in the museum.  I found it to be very interesting.  It is almost like looking at a painting on a rock.

Fish Fossil at Jordan Archaeological Museum in Amman

Fish Fossil at Jordan Archaeological Museum in Amman

There are many other historical sites throughout the city.  One museum I would have liked to have seen is the Jordan Museum.  It’s a new museum, built in 2014, that houses statues which are regarded as some of the oldest statues from human civilization.  In addition, it exhibits a copper scroll from the Dead Sea Scrolls.  Unfortunately the museum is closed on Tuesdays, so our schedule here will not permit us to see it

The next couple days, weather permitting, will be day trips from Amman.  I hope you will join me for some more History Thru Travel.

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